The materials used in Zbigniew Makowski’s paintings encompass the sign, the word, the letter, the numeral, and the arcane symbol. In an evocation of the Surrealist tradition, he often uses collage aesthetics. Surrealism remains an important source of inspiration for the artist who, in 1962, during his stay in Paris, met Andre Breton. Makowski is also fascinated by Oriental culture, the cabbalistic tradition, and mathematics. His pieces are like essays on painting, full of quotations from other artists' works and references to various cultures. Makowski is a graduate of the Warsaw Academy of Fine Arts, where he obtained his degree in 1956 from Prof. Kazimierz Tomorowicz.